A person must have symptoms to spread Ebola to others. Ebola is spread through direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with
- blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, feces, vomit, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola.
- objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
- infected animals
- Ebola is not spread through the air or by water.
- Healthcare providers caring for Ebola patients and the family and friends in close contact with Ebola patients are at the highest risk of getting sick because they may come in contact with infected blood or body fluids of sick patients.
Both of the following criteria must be met in order to suspect Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)
- Fever, > 101.5 F or 38.6 C, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain and lack of appetite, and in some cases bleeding.
- Travel to West Africa (Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone or other countries where EBD transmission has been reported by WHO) within 21 days of symptom onset.
Ill students who make an appointment at the Health Center should notify the staff in advance if they've arrived from a country of concern within 3 weeks, by calling the nurse line 610-758-3875.
CDC has issued a Warning, Level 3 travel notice for three countries. U.S. citizens should avoid all nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. CDC has issued an Alert, Level 2 travel notice for Nigeria. Travelers to Nigeria should take enhanced precautions to prevent Ebola. CDC has also issued an Alert, Level 2 travel notice for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). A small number of Ebola cases have been reported in the DRC, though current information indicates that this outbreak is not related to the ongoing Ebola outbreaks in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. For travel notices and other information for travelers, visit the Travelers’ Health Ebola web page.
Here is a link to a CDC Q&A page: